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Olingo (Bassaricyon gabbii)

  • Olingo (Bassaricyon gabbii)

    Common Name/s: Olingo  
    Scientific name: Bassaricyon gabbii
    Brazilian common name/s: Olingo, Jupará

    Quick facts (average values with minimum and maximum in parenthesis)


    Body length (cm): (35-41)a,b Tail (cm):  (37-52) a Diet: Omnivorous a,b
    Weight (kg): (1-1.5) a Height (cm):  Home range (km2): (0.23-0.38)b
    Litter size: 1 Gestation (days): 72 Longevity (years): 
    Social structure: Solitary a
    Activity pattern: Nocturnala

    a (Emmons & Feer 1997), b (Kays 2000)

    Physical description
    As its Brazilian common name indicates, this species is often confused with the Kinkajou (Potos flavus), as the habits of the two species are very similar. Its dense coat has a brownish colour, with a creamy-yellow belly, which distinguishes it from the Kinkajou.

    Habitat and Ecology
    It occurs mainly in the west and northwest of the Amazon, however scientists don’t know the number of species of olingos and the exact distributional range remains uncertain (Koepfli et al. 2007; Reid & Helgen 2008).
    Olingos are almost entirely arboreal, and are very agile in trees, but they do not have a prehensile tail like the Kinkajou.
    Little is known about their diet however they appear to feed mainly on fruit and nectar (Kays 2000; Pontes & Chivers 2002).

    Threats and Conservation
    There is no data on population numbers, however due to their arboreal nature the main threat to this species is the alteration and destruction of its forest habitat (Reid & Helgen 2008).

    Online links
    IUCN redlist (http://www.iucnredlist.org) presents a summary of current knowledge on distribution and conservation status.

    REFERENCES
    Emmons, L. H., & Feer, F. (1997). Neotropical rainforest mammals: a field guide. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Kays, R. W. (2000). The behavior and ecology of olingos (Bassaricyon gabbii) and their competition with kinkajous (Potos flavus) in central Panama. Mammalia, 64, 1-9.

    Koepfli, K. P., Gompper, M. E., Eizirik, E., Ho, C. C., Linden, L., Maldonado, J. E., & Wayne, R. K. (2007). Phylogeny of the Procyonidae (Mammalia : Carnivora): Molecules, morphology and the Great American Interchange. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 43, 1076-1095.

    Pontes, A. R. M., & Chivers, D. J. (2002). Abundance, habitat use and conservation of the olingo Bassaricyon sp in Maraca Ecological Station, Roraima, Brazilian Amazonia. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 37, 105-109.

    Reid, F., & Helgen, K. (2008). Bassaricyon gabbii. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>, , Downloaded on 04 July 2010.

     

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