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Striped Hog-nosed skunk (Conepatus semistriatus)

  • Striped Hog-nosed skunk (Conepatus semistriatus)

    Common Name/s: Striped Hog-nosed skunk  
    Scientific name: Conepatus semistriatus
    Brazilian common name/s: Jaritataca, Cangambá, Gambá, Jitira

    Quick facts (average values with minimum and maximum in parenthesis)


    Body length (cm): (33-50)a  Tail (cm):  (17-32) a Diet: Omnivorous
    Weight (kg): (1.4-3.4) a Height (cm):  Home range (km2): 
    Litter size:
      Gestation (days):  Longevity (years): 
    Social structure: Solitary a
    Activity pattern: Nocturnal a

    a (Emmons & Feer 1997)

    Physical description
    Small carnivores, with a distinctive colouration: a black or dark brown coat and two white stripes running over the back of the head to the tail.

    Habitat and Ecology
    A poorly studied species, C. semistriatus occurs in the north east of Brazil, and mostly inhabit more open vegetation, such as fields, cerrado and caatinga, avoiding the densest forests (Cuarón et al. 2008; Emmons & Feer 1997). Its best known feature is the ability to spray its enemies with a stream of pungent smelling fluid over considerable distances. They are mainly nocturnal in their habits and during the day shelter in burrows dug by armadillos or themselves.
    They are omnivores, feeding mainly on insects, small vertebrates and fruit.

    Threats and Conservation
    Classified by the IUCN as least concern due to their tolerance of human disturbances 

    Online links
    IUCN redlist (http://www.iucnredlist.org) presents a summary of current knowledge on distribution and conservation status

    REFERENCES
    Cuarón, A. D., Reid, F., & Helgen, K. (2008). Conepatus semistriatus. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>, , Downloaded on 05 July 2010.

    Emmons, L. H., & Feer, F. (1997). Neotropical rainforest mammals: a field guide. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
     

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