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Geoffroy´s Cat (Leopardus geoffroyi)

  • Geoffroy"s Cat (Leopardus geoffroyi)

    Common Name/s: Geoffroy"s Cat  
    Scientific name: Leopardus geoffroyi
    Brazilian common name/s: Gato-do-Mato

    Quick facts (average values with minimum and maximum in parenthesis)


    Body length (cm): (48-66) c Tail (cm):  (25-28) c Diet: Carnivorous
    Weight (kg): 4.6a Height (cm):  Home range (km2): (2 -12) a,b
    Litter size: 2 (2-3) Gestation (days): (72-78) 
    Longevity (years): 14 (max)
    Social structure: Solitary
    Activity pattern: Nocturnal

    a (Johnson & Franklin 1991), b (Manfredi et al. 2006); (Ximenez 1975)

    Physical description
    The coat has a coloration that varies from light gray to ochre, with a uniform cover of small black spots. The back and legs have small black stripes and the tail is ringed.

    Habitat and Ecology
    This species occurs from southern Bolivia to the south of Argentina and Chile, and in Brazil they are only found in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. They occupy areas with dense vegetation cover ranging from shrubs to trees (Canepuccia et al. 2008; Manfredi et al. 2006). It is a poorly studied animal and little is known about their ecology. It is solitary and is mainly nocturnal.
    It feeds on vertebrates (small mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians) and insects which it obtains from the ground, trees and lakes and rivers (Bisceglia et al. 2008; Sousa & Bager 2008).

    Threats and Conservation
    Although hunting for its fur had a strong historic impact, the destruction of forests is the main threats to this species today (Lucherini et al. 2008). In addition, little is known about the biology of this species, which limits the ability to generate effective conservation strategies. It is classified by the IUCN (International Union for Nature Conservation) as “Near Threatened” and by IBAMA as threatened with extinction.

    Online links
    IUCN redlist (http://www.iucnredlist.org) presents a summary of current knowledge on distribution and conservation status

    IUCN Cat Specialist Group:

    http://www.catsg.org/catsgportal/20_catsg-website/home/index_en.htm

    IUCN Cat Specialist Group species accounts:

    http://www.catsg.org/catsgportal/cat-website/20_cat-website/home/index_en.htm

    REFERENCES
    Bisceglia, S. B. C., Pereira, J. A., Teta, P., & Quintana, R. D. (2008). Food habits of Geoffroy"s cat (Leopardus geoffroyi) in the central Monte desert of Argentina. Journal of Arid Environments, 72, 1120-1126.

    Canepuccia, A. D., Farias, A. A., Escalante, A. H., Iribarne, O., Novaro, A., & Isacch, J. P. (2008). Differential responses of marsh predators to rainfall-induced habitat loss and subsequent variations in prey availability. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 86, 407-418.

    Johnson, W. E., & Franklin, W. L. (1991). Feeding and spatial ecology of Felis geoffroyi in southern Patagonia. Journal of Mammalogy, 72, 815-820.

    Lucherini, M., de Oliveira, T., & Acosta, G. (2008). Leopardus geoffroyi. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>, , Downloaded on 05 July 2010.

    Manfredi, C., Soler, L., Lucherini, M., & Casanave, E. B. (2006). Home range and habitat use by Geoffroy"s cat (Oncifelis geoffroyi) in a wet grassland in Argentina. Journal of Zoology, 268, 381-387.

    Sousa, K. S., & Bager, A. (2008). Feeding habits of Geoffroy"s cat (Leopardus geoffroyi) in southern Brazil. Mammalian Biology, 73, 303-308.

    Ximenez, A. (1975). Felis geoffroyi. Mammalian Species, 54, 1-4.

     

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